Transistor electromagnetic disturbance is a short burst of electromagnetic energy . Different weapons have been developed to deliver the damaging effects of high energy EMP. The electromagnetic eruptions occur naturally meaning they are not forcefully induced they are caused by forces of nature an example of such forces is lightning.The risk associated with EMP attack include nationwide blackout of the electric power grid, and a shutdown of critical infrastructure reliant on the grid.
Detonation of a nuclear bomb, solar flare, a device intended to cause an EMP, close lightning stroke and finally a massive powerline short circuit are some of the factors that may cause electromagnetic bursts. Not unless it is a terrorist attack this nuclear burst do not happen at many times. Solar flare is common occurrence but one that does damage is very rare. Computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others are some of the electronic devices that are prone to electromagnetic burst. Not all electronic appliances are prone the electromagnetic bursts some are actually very immune they include computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others.
Electrical energy is the most used source of energy it is used in all the industries in communication , transport, food production and preservation both for commercial and domestic use. A duration after the electromagnetic bursts it is like the old times before the invention of electricity hence people should repair their non electrical equipments for use during this time. To ensure smooth time during the blackout it is good to ensure that equipments made of a semiconductor are avoided as much as possible where one cannot do without them it is good to check the voltage levels to ensure that they are rated to maximum voltage and currents of about ten times. Use large ferrite beads on power wiring, provide battery backup power for essential equipments. Use of faraday cage or bag this is any conductive structure that protects its content from electricity pulses. Use of CB radios and walkie talkies to communicate. Make your own electricity power source an example the use of solar panels, biogas, wind turbine generator among others. Grow food crops to get a food supply source. It is advisable not to rely on food production industries to avoid running out of food.
Various measures should be put into place to avoid damage that is brought about by the electromagnetic burst such include shield wiring connected to sensitive equipments or enclose wiring in metal conguits, fuse long wires and cables, increase the current carrying capacity of the building ground.